About Us

Synopsis Result

Since our inception in 1993, NAB has empowered thousands of BPS persons by :

  • Providing Scholarship to 160 BPS college Students.

  • Providing School Education to 159 BPS children.

  • Providing Basic Leadership training 1350 and Organization management training to 420   BPS Leaders.

  • Provide eye care service through rehabilitation.

  • Providing Vocational training  to 2593 Persons.

  • Providing the interest free loan for income generation to 471 BPS persons.

  • Creating the employment to 350 BPS Persons in teaching, telephone operating, musicians, NGO management and civil service.  


Status of the BPS Persons

A National Blindness Survey conducted by National Blindness survey in 1980/81 revealed 0.84% of Nepalese population as blind in both eyes. The survey also estimated 1.85% of the unilateral blind (low vision). The household survey conducted by NAB/NABP in  the CBR programme districts such as in Chitwan showed 1.24 %, Nawalparasi showed 1.41 % Dang showed 1.11% Kapilbastu Showed 2.69% .According to National population census report 2011(2068) showed 94,765 (0.35%), It is assumed that more than 90% BPS person live in the rural village.  BPS persons themselves are lacking self-confidence, a strong unified voice, personal health care and leadership skills. It is due to ignorance, illiteracy and absence of opportunities. In a developing country like Nepal, blindness is not only a health problem but also a social and economic problem.


Phd                           : 3(1 Male, 2 Female)

                                     a. Dr. Kamal Lamichhane, Japan

                                     b. Dr. Sweta Singh, JNU University, India

                                     c. Dr. Laxmi Pokhrel, TU

Master level              : 55 (Female:15)

Bachelor                   : 150(Female:65)

SLC                           : 850(Female: 299)


Teacher                    : 291(Female: 97)

Receptionist             : 12 (Female:11)

Music                        : 45 

Proof Reader           : 2 (Female :1)

Factory workers      : 15 (Female: 3)

NGO /INGO Staffs  : 9

Lecturer                   : 4

Civil Service            : 3 Section Officer, 6 Assistant(Female:3)

Advocate                1 Male ( Mr. Laxman Psd. Gyawali)



About NAB

NAB is a non-Governmental, non-profit making national umbrella organization of the blind. The central executive board of the association consists of 19 including five reservations for Blind Women members elected by the General Assembly held every three years among the delegates form (a) the central executive board, (b) district branch representatives in proportion to its general members, and  (c) five nominated by the board in which 33% are female. NAB has formed sector-wise committees in the areas of Women, Low Vision, Youth and Children. It has 44 district branches with 3000 general members across the country. The Association has planned to cover all 75 districts. It is affiliated with World Blind Union (WBU) and Asian Blind Union (ABU). Its Main purpose is to promote and protect rights and interests of the blind and partially sighted (BPS) people through lobbying and advocacy. Mainly, it works on - Capacity Building, Employment Promotion, Income Generation support, blindness prevention and control, Education, Vocational Training for the empowerment of BPS people through institution/community based rehabilitation (CBR).



Blind and Partially Sighted (BPS) persons of Nepal enjoying self-reliant and dignified life & capable NAB.


To empower Blind and Partially Sighted (BPS) persons through advocacy capacity building and practical work.


To organise the Blind and Partially Sighted (BPS) persons by ensuring representation at policy formulation level for enhancing their rights and improving their living conditions.

Programmes & Activities :

Programmes :  Awareness  and Advocacy

Activities:  Seminars/workshops, meetings, delegations, press meet counseling, radio programme, rallies & demonstrations,magazine publication etc.

Major Achievements :

  • 5% job reservation in civil service to PWD.
  • Budget allocation for NAB from Govt. since 2008.
  • Provision of 1 to 5% of the internal income of the local Government for the empowerment of PWD’s.
  • Provisions of 45% subsidy in the means of transportations including domestic flights for PWD’s.
  • Provisions of revenue limit by 50% as a limit of income tax for PWD. The tax also been fully exempted for the assistive devices and Braille equipments.
  • Provision of  Education and Political Rights of the persons with disabilities in the new constitution 2015.
  • Identification mark in paper notes of  Rs. 500 and Rs. 1000.


Programme : Capacity Building Training :

 Activities :

Various level of Leadership development trainings, office management trainings, proposal and report writing trainings, trainings of trainers (TOT), Facilitation training.

 Major Achivements :

  • NAB local branch (Jhapa ,Kapilvastu ,Morang, Banke, kaski, Rupandehi, Dang, Bardia, Chitwan) and  run different activities on their own office building.            
  • Kaski Branch runs a well equipped digital library at Prithivi Narayan College (P.N) in association with same college. And also run various activities by mobilizing various resources.
  • Many of the local branches conduct vocational training, Braille Literacy Class, awareness and advocacy campaign, saving and credit programme.


Programme : Individual Enabling Training

Activities: Computer Based on the Job Training, Music training, Vocational Training, Saving Credit, Braille reading and writing, Orientation and Mobility.

Computer:   NAB provides six months computer and basic secretarial training course to ten S.L.C graduate Blind and Visually Impaired persons every year in order to make them qualified in performing activities independently. The Association provides the scholarship to the selected students. Initially, the training had been supported by USC Nepal since 2000-Later, the project had been continued with the support of Action Aid Nepal from 2004 - 2008. Currently the training is being supported by the Nepal Government.

Major Achievements:

  • 150 SLC graduates BPS persons have completed six months computer course. Many of the trainees are engaging in the job such as telephone operating, teaching, freelancer, organization management.

Music training: Music education is regarded as the suitable profession for the blind that. Music training includes singing, instruments, body language, and rhythm. This training has been running since 2001 aiming to develop music professionals among the blind adults. 8 literate and illiterate male and female were receiving the opportunity. Many of the trained students work as musician at the Dohari Saaj (restaurant), schools etc. Unfortunately this usefull training has been discontinued from 2015 in the lack of  fund.Thus NAB is looking for suitable partner to continue such job oriented training for the blind.

Major Achievements:

  • 90 Blind Youths have got the opportunity in the music training. Among them 56 have completed three years course. 40 are engaging in the jobs. Some are continuing the graduate course.

Vocational Training: Self-employment based vocational training is another important measure that NAB has been implementing. Since the literacy rate of the BPS people is very low, there are only limited number of BPS people engaged in various jobs and employment. Thus NAB started providing residential vocational trainings since 2010. Priority is given to the illiterate and jobless BPS people from across the country. NAB district branches are mobilized to find the needy participants who are provided with two months training package of vocation along with daily living skills (DLS), Orientation/mobility, Braille literacy and practical marketing.  Bamboo craft, candle and incense making, knitting and weaving.

Saving Credit Saving credit program is one of the most focused program of NAB for the economic empowerment of BPS person.This program includes the activities like orientation training, refresher training, saving credit management training, matching fund disbursement.

Achievement: 20 branches have formed at least one saving credit group where in more than 500 BPS people are affiliated as members.

Teaching of Braille, Orientation and Mobility:

NAB provides these Trainings to each music, Vocational trainee, hostel students and recently blinded persons for their independent mobility.

Achievement: some of the trainees passed their S.L.C and continuing higher education.


Braille Press

NAB has been operating Braille press since 2001. The press is mainly engaged in printing of school text books for Ministry of Education and other reference materials. NAB is now equipped with primer 100 tactile graphic embosser, Braillo 400 and Braillo 200 and four trained staffs with the printing capacity of 1800 Braille pages per hour.


Digital Accessible Information System (DAISY) and Audio Books:

NAB has been recording the text books on Digital Accessible Information System (DAISY). Daisy for All Japan has provided the technical and equipment support. The service is available at the NAB central Office & in Prithivinarayan College, Pokhara. Later Daisy program in NAB  has been upgraded with the support of Australian embassy. Now the nepali version books of +2, Bachelor's and Master's degree are freely available.


There are about 70-80 blind students completing SLC each year. NAB/NABP therefore provides scholarship to BPS college students since 1999. Mishri Devi Dhaubhadel scholarship fund is also contributing to support the blind for college education which is created by Professor Harsha Narayan Dhaubhadel in the memory of his late mother. Likewise Lion Him kanta sharma Neupane has established the scholarship fund. Recently Dr.Madan Manandhar has established scholarship fund for the children of Blind parents.

Women Empowerment:

The education, health, social and economic status of BVI women is very low which has shown by various researches. Hence, NAB conducts various programmes such as seminar/workshop at national level, sensitization Campion and vocational training at grass root level through its women's committee.


Braille Equipment Bank:

NAB Braille equipment bank supplies various Braille equipment and assistive devices on the basis of "no loss no gain". We import the equipments from India and china. The equipments are listed below.

  • Slate and Stylus
  • White cane
  • Braille watch
  • Geometry Box
  • Word Building kit
  • Abacus
  • Chess Board

Achieved result 1:

During the period 62 BPS graduates have been recruited in permanent teacher   including 32 new. This is one of the most important results. This has been possible due to the 5% job reservation act for the PWDs. Moreover, some of the candidates have been recruited in the open vacancy and other inclusive quota.  Such as, women, dalit, Janajati , Madhesi  . In order to achieve this result NAB had conducted especial preparatory class to the potential candidates. In some of the districts, NAB had supported the tuition fee for the preparatory class in mainstreaming training institute.

        Among disable people, employment is one of the challenging aspects as the society is traditional to accept the disability. Even within disability blind is more vulnerable in terms of getting employment and other opportunities. Employers are not aware of blind people's skills and capacity. In this connection, the result of 62 BPS recruiting in the permanent teaching profession is most important result.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   

Achieved result 2: 

            During this period, NAB has expanded a new branch in Makwanpur   a neighbour district of Kathmandu with 11 members including three female.  The branch is established with the orientation program by the central representative. So far, the number of branches has reached 44 including the new one.  The establishment of the branch is important for the starting of new rehabilitation project from 2016. 

Achieved result 3:

This year,  Gorkha branch started the office at Gorkha bazaar , headquarter of the district which was found in 2013. Necessory furnitures has been supported by NAB.  NAB also conducted regional level women sensitization campaign in the district  which was high media  coverage. Our campaign contributed to draw the attention of local authority. As a result , the branch  received a grant  support  Rs.50000 from District Development Office . The Gorkha municipality is also positive to support to the branch. The branch and the status of visually impaired people is recongnized by the government district officers and civil society. The branch  distributed educational material such as white cane, slate and stylus and cooking utensils to schools for the blinds from the grant.

Gorkha district is remote district of Nepal and the rate of disability is high in the district. The blind and visually impaired people living in gorkha are deprived from different type of  opportunities  like education, and life skill. So, the smooth running of the branch is important for the BPS people living in the district .  

Achieved result 4:

SLC (school leaving certificate) appearing blind  student will enjoy one class junior writing assistant for the exam from this year. Earlier the provision was one class junior.    This has been possible due to the interaction programme organized by NAB between media, exam controller office  and schools teachers and blind students. the program was held on 2nd December , 2014." Mathematics and writers problem as a big hurdle in present examination system" said MS. Samjana Rijal , a blind student of grade ten.Responding on her query Exam controller of slc board Nepal Mr. Bishnu Dware stated his commitment on writer’s problem I.e. writer should be one level junior. “Due to the situation of our country and lack of infrastructures, we’re unable to address other problems as in international practices at this moment”, said Mr. Dware. He further added as provision of “OR” questions in case of diagrammatic questions should also be implemented soon. There were 47 participants including 18 Television ,Newspaper and F.M. Journamlist , 12 BPS female and DPOs organization representatives.

With the combine effort of DPO's the minister of council has principally agreed to put forward the draft of disabled rights protection act in line with the CRPD.

 Similarly, the curriculum of grade viii has been revised by removing all kinds of derogatory words to the PWDs from the text books.

More importantly, When there was constitution making process at a halt , NAB organized an interaction programme on 24 September , 2014 regarding the timely promulgating the inclusive constitution in collaboration with media agencies among the chairman of constituent  assembly, chief whipper of four major political parties and other constituent assembly members. Mr. Subash Chandra Newang, the Chairman of Constituent Assembly, thanked NAB for conducting such programs with organizational menifesto . He committed to address  the issues of blind and disable people in the new constitution and promulgate the constitution within time.   Through this program the significant leaders including chairperson and members of CA recognized the issues of BPS people in a close way.The programme was really successful with high media coverage.

Another mentionable achievement is two central Board member and two other blind persons have been nominated for the Vice Chairperson of Disabled Co-odination Committee under District Development Committee at Ilam , Kapilvastu, Bhaktapur and Udhayapur. This has been possible due to advocacy intervention at local level.

Achieved result 5:

NAB is about to complete its second building in the government land attached to the existing building. The building has about 10 thousand square feet with five storied. The finishing work is undergoing. The building is build with  bank loan, NAB internal resource,Nepal government, donation from members and businessman and NABP support. To  date,  the investment of building has reached Rs. 20.5 million. More 2.5 million rupees is estimited to complete the whole building.

 During the period,  NAB supplied the Braille books and reference materials   worth of Rs.4081,571. In which,  profit was Rs.18,35095 by deducting paper cost , binding ,overtime, delivery , printing cost paid to NAWB and six month salary of three staff   to be covered by NAB . The main beneficiaries were department of education followed by IFES Nepal, MyRight, NSET Nepal, NFDN, CDC Doti, NAB Rehab Bardiya etc. 2197 set text books and other IEC materials were printed out . 

Similarly, NAB generated rupees 538625 in which profit was 100 percent by supplying assistive devices. The main beneficiaries were Community Workers Society,  Prerana Rehab Centre, Quest Volunteer Travels and Tours, Dhadhing , Tanahu, Gulmi and kaski Association of the Blind,  National Association for the welfare of the Blind NAWB, NAB Rehab Project Bardiya,   National Disable Fund etc . During the period 663 white cane, 105 writing slate/stylus, 355 stylus,13 geometry box, 6 chess board, 3 pieces 8 block letter were supplied of  Rs. 5,38,625 in which, 100 %was perfit. Another important achievement is Nepal Government increased the grant to NAB up to 2.5 million Rs. from 8 hundred thousand and 5 hundred thousand to 5 districts for the vocational training.

These are the most important achievement for this year . Because NAB's new building is a only  bigger building among DPOs led organization. The construction of this building will add the brick in the sustainability of the association. This building is expected to generate the income at least 1.5 million rupees annually.

 More importantly , 570 blind students received the braille text books in time due to the timely printing of braille text books and its  delivery. Through the  supply of assistive devices , NAB is recognized in the  society and is able to invest the income in the building construction.

Achieved result on Gender:

    NAB has constituted 33% representative of the blind women in its centre board by the ninth general assembly held at Butwal , Rupandhehi on April 11-12, 2014. However 36% blind women have been elected in the board including vice president. Earlier the provision was 20 %.

 With the increased representation of women in board, their say will become louder and heard in their favour. Moreover, women will have opportunity to enhance their leadership skill, so that they can work better for the gender equality.

Rehabilitation Programme :

The Rehabilitation Programme started up in Dang and Chitawan districts in 1999 and  Kapilbastu & Nawalparasi in 2005. Currently the rehabilitation program has been running in rupandehi and bardiya since 2010. The objective of the NAB/NABP rehabilitation programme is to provide education to school children and to help blind and partially sighted people to economic rehabilitation and integration in family and community. The rehabilitation is home based and of self employment type and also helps in prevention, cure and control of blindness. It also helps in medical rehabilitation to curable BPS persons & eye patients with free of cost by organizing eye camps, screening camps and hospital referrals.

The programme includes:

  • Orientation and Mobility Training.
  • Daily living skill training.
  • Braille and Abacus education.
  • Manual Dexterity skills training.
  • Pre-education of blind children.
  • Training of local resources teachers for blind children.
  • Vocational skills training.
  • Income Generation Support.
  • Counseling.


Rehabilitation project:

The target group for the rehabilitation project consists of curable and incurable blind. Curable blind will be examined and treated in hospitals and centres and incurable blind will be rehabilitated through different rehabilitation training such as counselling, vocational skill, income generating activities and education which virtually will help them to become self dependent, and able to lead dignified lives. The Second Phase project target BPS clients in Nawalparasi and Kapilvastu. And existing project targeted  BPS clients in Bardiya and Rupendehi districts.


The Base line

Door to door survey results of Nawalparasi, Kapilbastu, Rupandehi and Bardiya districts 







Survey Period

Mar-Jul '05

Mar-Jul '05

Jan-May '10

Jan-May '10

 Surveyed VDC/Municipality






Total surveyed households






Total population






Total BPS persons identified






In percent






Curable BPS






In percent












In percent







2. Results:

Achieved result 1:

The house hold survey was completed in May, 2010 in both districts of Rupandhei and Bardiya. However, we have identified 182 BPS (in Rupadnehi male 46 and female 39 and in Bardiya male 81 and female 16 BPS) newly.  The mainly causes were found to be due to old age, accidental and few of them were congenental.

Achieved result 2:

Out of 4,432 identified BPS persons (including new 182) of incurable Blind and Partially Sighted (BPS) people, 588 including 335 female were provided counselling services at home. So the service has reached to 4353 BPS people altogether   to date.  After the counselling service, they have participating in the project activities. Such as vocational training, schooling, mobility training, membership in branch and self-help groups.

Out of 4,432 identified BPS, 697 (male 300/female 379) got training on mobility, DLS, MDS in 2014.  So the service has reached to 3,693 BPS people till 2014.

As a result, they are able to participate in community activities.  They are able to go government offices to receive disable card, go to hospital to check up their health.   Ms. Kamala Rana age 28 has started bamboo stool making and candles.  She herself goes to to city to purchase the raw materials for making bamboo stools and candle.   She is also taking care of 2 pigs herself.

Similarly, out of 13555 of curable BPS, among them 6227 (male 2803/female 3428) restored their vision among them  532 were operated in eye camps and  5695 were found operated themselves which we collected the record by house hold visiting in 2014.

After vision restoration, they are very happy.  They are able to back their own previous job.  They are able to do their daily activities by themselves.  For example, Ms. Kala Nyaupane 48 years old and her husband Mr. Bhojlal of Sainamaina Municipality -11 have got vision restoration. After vision restoration, they both are back to their previous job and earning money by producing vegetables, raising buffalo and goats.

During the period, the projet provided sensitization training, advocacy and capacity building training.  Such as organizational development training, RAB strategy planning training, Advocacy on use of resources, health awareness, group mobilization and saving credit training, UNCRPD programme to the BPS persons.  

After the sensitization, the number of 746 (male 368/female378) BPS persons are increased to claim free treatment in the hospitals, membership in self-help groups and demand their rights, interest and facilities . The branches have also received the grant from local government for the building construction and its annual programme. The self help groups  have access to local resources for their income generation.

Achieved result 3:

During  the period,  344 BPS persons received different vocational skills. Such as producing phynle, bamboo stools, incense sticks, candle making, pickle production, grocery shop, modern agriculture and cattle rising. Of whom,  157 BPS persons are utilizing the skill with loan. One of  them is running bread making business whose average monthly income is Rs 10000. Some of them have taken for bamboo stool making. Their average monthly income is Rs 5000. Some of them have taken loan for grocery shop.  Their  monthly average income is Rs 7000. Similarly,  some BPS persons  have taken seed money for cattle rising (goat, buffalo, pigs).  Their  monthly average income is Rs 6000. some of them have taken loan for agriculture/vegetable farming.  Their monthly average income is Rs. 5000. Some have taken loan for incense sticks/candle/phynile making.  Their monthly average income is Rs 6000.

 During the  period, total amount Rs. 1,416,500 was invested for seed money and return back Rs. 903,495.  Payback rate is 64% in 2014.

 Achieved result 4:

Of the total identified children 250 BPS, among them 242 BPS children have  accesse to education including 14 in 2014 (boys 8/Girls 6).  Among 242 BPS children 13 BPS children dropped out the school due to old age and over protection of parents. The drop out rate is higher in girls. Similarly, additional 10 new BPS students have got scholarship to study higher education. Mentionable thing is that all of the old  batch have passed out the +2 level.

Children and youth have got opportunity and access for education.  They able to enrol and continue their study in school and colleges and some students are pursuing their education with residential facility. More boys and girls are enrolled in school and college. More BPS children and BPS themselves have started to go school. Resource teachers training, advocacy and lobbying from the programme has been started and friendly environment is created in the school and society which has helped to increase the number of BPS students’ participation in school and college. BPS students able to have an access in computer education and Braille printer.

 The Shanti Model Higher Secondary School able to print question papers in Braille script. Students are able to answer ownself in Braille reading questions directly.